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Education Direction

Legislation for Education

1957 - The Education Ordinance, 1957

1961 - Education Act, 1961

1963 - National Language Act 1963/67 (Revised - 1971)

1971 - Universities and University Colleges Act

1974 – Politeknik Ungku Omar Act

1980 - Malaysian Examinations Council Act

Key Reports

1956 - Report of the Education Committee, 1956 (Razak Report)

1960 - Report of the Education Review Committee, 1960 (Rahman Talib Report)

1967 – Higher Education Planning Committee Report

1973 - Committee Report on a Study of Views on Education and Society (Dropout Report)

1979 - Cabinet Committee Report on Review of Implementation of Education Policies (Mahathir Report)

1991 - Cabinet Committee Report on Training

Malay Language in the Education System

1957 - Compulsory subjects in primary and secondary schools

1970 – Medium of instruction for standard 1

1975 - All English primary schools converted into national primary schools

1976 – Medium of instruction for form 1

1979 – Medium of instruction for form VI arts stream

1980 - Medium of instruction for first year university arts course

1981 - Medium of instruction for form VI science stream

1982 - Medium of instruction for all levels of schooling

1983 - Medium of instruction for all university courses

Primary School Examinations

1957 - MSSEE (Malayan Secondary School Entrance Exam) commenced

1963 - MSSEE repealed

1967 - PDL (Standard 5 Assessment) commenced

1973 - UDT (Standard 3 Test) commenced

1982 - UDT repealed

1988 - PDL repealed

1988 - UPSR (Primary School Achievement Test) commenced

Secondary School Examinations

1957 - LCE (Lower Certificate of Education) commenced

1957 - OSC (Overseas Cambridge School Certificate) commenced

1957 - FMC (Federation of Malaya Certificate) commenced

1957 - QT (Qualifying Test) commenced

1960 - SRP (Lower Certificate of Education) commenced

1961 - UK (Qualifying Examination) commenced

1962 - SPPTM (Federation of Malaya Education Certificate) commenced

1964 - SPPTM repealed

1964 - FMC repealed

1964 - MCE (Malaysian Certificate of Education) commenced

1964 - SPM (Malaysian Certificate of Education) commenced

1967 - SRP/LCE objective questions introduced

1968 - OSC repealed in Peninsular Malaysia

1969 - SPVM (Malaysian Vocational Certificate of Education) commenced

1976 - Malay Language Examination (July) commenced

1976 – MCE placed under responsibility of the Examinations Syndicate

1982 - HSC (Higher School Certificate Cambridge) repealed

1982 - STPM (Malaysian Higher School Certificate) which was placed under the Malaysian Examinations Council commenced

1983 - LCE Malay oral test repealed

1983 - SRP English Oral Test repealed

1987 – SPVM Certificate converted to SPM(V)

1987 - SPM commenced throughout Malaysia

1991 - KHPP (Living Skills Transition Programme) of SRP commenced

1992 – Final year for SRP

1993 - PMR (Lower Secondary Assessment) commenced

1993 - SPM based on KBSM (New Secondary School Curriculum) commenced

Curriculum

1956 - General Syllabuses and Timetable Committee established

1964 - General Syllabuses and Review Committee established

1965 - Comprehensive education commenced

1967 - Report of the Committee on Curriculum Planning and Development

1973 - Curriculum Development Centre (CDC) established

1982 - KBSR (New Primary School Curriculum) implemented in 302 primary schools on trial basis

1983 - KBSR implemented in all primary schools

1988 – Full implementation of KBSR

1988 - Implementation of KBSM for language subjects

1989 - Implementation of KBSM for other subjects

1989 – Living Skills Transition Programme commenced in form 1

1989 - Implementation of PKBS (school based assessment) in year 1 to year 6 of all primary schools

1989 - Manipulative Skills launched in 100 primary schools

1991 – Manipulative Skills implemented in 1,000 primary schools

1991 - Integrated Living Skills commenced in form 1

1992 - Manipulative Living Skills implemented in 3,000 primary schools

1993 - Living Skills implemented in year 4 of all primary schools. Schools which had implemented Manipulative Skills continued to do so for years 5 and 6.

Special Examinations

1964 - Establishment of the Special Education Unit

1978 - Establishment of National Committee for Total Communication

1981 - Inter-Ministerial Committee on Special Education (Ministry of Social Welfare/Ministry of Health, Ministry of Labour and Manpower and Ministry of Education as the chairman and secretary)

1984 – Inter-Ministerial Committee on Registration and Placement of Disabled Children

1984 - Establishment of State Child Placement Committee

1984 – Establishment of National Committee for Shah Alam Vocational Special Education Secondary School Curriculum

1985 - Establishment of Braille Publishing and Printing Pilot Unit of the Ministry of Education

1985 - Establishment of National Council Meeting for Welfare Services

1985 – Total Communication Coordination Steering Committee of the Ministry of Education

1987 - Establishment of Shah Alam Special Education Secondary School

1987 - Implementation Committee for Education of Children with Learning Impairment

1988 – Directive of Minister of Education to study extending full assistance to children with mild autism behaviour

1989 - National Advisory Council for Community Development

1991 - National Advisory Board for the Education of Children with Special Education Needs

1993 - Committee to Review Education Policy, Planning, Coordination and Implementation for Children with Special Education Needs











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